If you consider wearing a mask to protect yourself against viruses and infections, there are three types you must know about! From a Surgical mask with shield to an N98 face mask, several options available in the market. Let’s read about the basic ones.

Cloth Face Masks

You can use cloth face masks in public settings, like malls, schools, grocery stores, where you may lose contact with others, and it is difficult to maintain your distance.

It is essential to know that a cotton face mask does not offer the same level of protection as surgical face masks or other respirators. However, when the public wears at large, they can still help decrease the community spread of viruses.

It is because they help prevent people without indications from transmitting viruses by their respiratory droplets. You can create your cloth face mask at home using a few basic materials, like cotton fabric, a T-shirt, or a bandana. They should fit snugly against your face, covering from your nose to mouth. Moreover, use ties or ear loops to secure them.

When taking away the cloth face mask, try to avoid touching the nose, mouth, and eyes.

Surgical Face Masks

Surgical face masks are loose-fitting, disposable masks approved by the FDA, the Food and Drug Administration, to use a significant medical device. Doctors, dentists, and nurses wear them while treating patients. The Surgical mask with shield is a leading medical device that works best for preventing the virus.

These face masks prevent large droplets of bodily fluids from viruses or other microbes from escaping by the nose and mouth. They protect against splashes and sprays from other people, like those from sneezes and coughs.


Respirators are famous as N95 masks, designed to protect from small particles in the air, like germs and viruses. The mask name comes from the fact that they can filter 95% Trusted Source of airborne particles. You can use N95 face masks when painting or handling possibly toxic materials.

You can select respirators to fit your face. They must form an ideal seal, so no gaps permit airborne viruses. However, healthcare workforces use them to protect against airborne infectious diseases, like tuberculosis and anthrax. Unlike regular face masks, respirators guard against both large and small particles.

Guidelines For Wearing Face Masks

Face masks can help decrease influenza and other respiratory viruses; they only do when you wear them correctly and frequently.

Here are some guidelines for proper mask-wearing:

  • You can wear a face mask when coming surrounded by 6 feet of a sick person.
  • Position the strings to keep the face mask firmly in place over your nose, mouth, and chin. Try not to touch your face mask again until you remove it.
  • You can wear a face mask before going nearby other people if you have influenza.
  • If you have influenza and want to see a doctor, wear a face mask to protect yourself.
  • You can consider wearing a face mask in crowded settings if influenza is widespread in community or if you are at risk for virus complications.
  • You have to wash your cloth face mask after each use.

The average face masks you can buy from a local drugstore are not enough to filter out viruses

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